Belarusian IT Industry
As a part of the global IT business, the Belarusian software services sector has been developing at a rapid pace. The country's reputation for scientific and IT excellence complemented by the competitive labor market has attracted the interest of numerous IT–intensive companies. Over the last five years, the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the Belarusian IT industry constituted 30 %. In 2015, the total production and sales revenue of the Belarusian IT industry amounted to USD 1,120 million. In 2016, at a time when other economic sectors are likely to show export failures, the Belarusian IT is expected to lead export growth.
Historically, Minsk was among the main USSR IT centers because of the computer production facilities and design institutes that were concentrated here. In Soviet times, Belarus supplied 60% of the USSR demand for computer production. At independence, the country inherited one of the highest standards of scientific and technical potential in the former Soviet Union.
The Belarusian exports of IT services have been steadily growing over the recent years, at an annual pace of at least 10%. The country’s IT sector’s potential capacity has not been exploited to the full extent yet. In 1995, the IT exports from Belarus amounted to $ 0.2 million, in 2005 more than $ 24 million and in 2015 more than $ 800 million. According to the expert forecast, the Belarusian IT exports will account for over $ 1,050 million in 2017. (IT Industry in Belarus by Uniter, 2016).
Since 2005, the share of IT services in the structure of the Belarusian exports increased more than sevenfold, namely from 1.27 to 9.0 percent in 2015, and was listed second in the total exports of services, following transport services.
A number of Belarusian IT companies are included in the Software Magazine's 'Software 500' ranking of the world’s largest software and service providers and are recognized by the International Association of Outsourcing Professionals (IAOP) as The Global Outsourcing 100 companies.
The reason for the success of the Belarusian IT industry is its highly skilled experts educated at local universities. Every year, 54 universities produce 4,000 software engineers. Belarus has well–established higher educational institutions and old traditions of science and engineering education that are sufficient to train qualified programmers. The Belarusian educational system stands out because of its focus on fundamentals, science, and logical thinking, giving our graduates the ability to develop creative solutions. Belarusian students are famous for winning medals at international programming competitions and championships, including ACM ICPC.
Approximately 970 companies and organizations operate on the ICT market of Belarus. Of these, 152 are members the Belarusian High–Tech Park. The estimated number of software developers, web designers, network administrators, and other technical personnel working in the IT sector is around 36,000.
A typical Belarusian IT service provider is a small dedicated team of around 100 employees. However, there are large–scale enterprises that employ several hundred people, such as IBA Group (more than 2,500 employees), EPAM Systems, and Itransition. As the local IT market is developed insufficiently, Belarusian companies mainly aim at Western customers' orders, the local clients being state institutions, financial enterprises, banks, and corporate customers. Approximately 90 percent of the Belarusian IT companies are involved in custom software development and IT consulting for a wide range of foreign clients.
Belarusian IT companies are committed to providing high quality services and solutions and seek to comply with the latest international standards. In October 2003, the two largest Belarusian enterprises, IBA Group and EPAM Systems, were the first in Europe to achieve the SEI CMMI® (Software Engineering Institute's Capability Maturity Model Integration) Level 4 Rating. IBA Group was the first IT company in Belarus to certify its labor safety management systems to the international standard OHSAS 18001 and its information security management system to the requirements of ISO/IEC 27001 standard.
The Belarusian IT industry is generally engaged in custom development and high–end software services for clients that require low cost but highly skilled technology resources. Belarusian companies offer the same core development languages, platforms and technologies as their counterparts in other countries. In addition, our engineers and developers are known for their accuracy and have a reputation for being creative and able to solve complex problems.