SCIENCE & EDUCATION
Sights and Historical Places
Belarus is famous for its unique cultural, architectural, and historical heritage. Many Belarusian towns and cities have preserved ancient temples, cloisters, palaces, castles, and parks that bring history alive. The oldest monuments include the Sophia Cathedral in Polotsk (Vitebsk Region) with unique frescos dating back to the 11th century, the Kolozha Church in Grodno (12th century), as well as castles in Nesvizh, Mir, and Krevo. Belarusian church buildings do not only reflect the nation's history, but also show tolerance of the Belarusian people through a variety of religions that existed simultaneously in the territory of Belarus (paganism, Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Greek Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, and Judaism).
Belarusian cities and villages create a magic atmosphere that excites one's passion for knowledge and adventure. Here you will find references to the early Rus principalities, the Great Duchy of Lithuania, the Soviet period, numerous wars and battles, and other historical events. You will discover that Belarus is a native land of Francysk Skaryna, Marc Chagall, Adam Mickiewicz, Kazimir Malevich, and other outstanding people.
Numerous World War 2 memorials including Brest Fortress, Khatyn Memorial, Mound of Glory, and Museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk hold a special place in the Belarusian historical legacy because they commemorate the heroic struggle of Belarusian people against the Nazi invasion.
A list of registered historical monuments in Belarus comprises 14,392 objects, 5,379 of these being of national importance. There are more than 3,458 libraries, 162 museums, and 28 professional theaters including the National Academic Opera and Ballet Theater and the Philharmonic Society.